Within each state & territory and national curriculums, there are multiple subject [learning] areas. The most important are considered Key/Core Subject Areas. These are common in all jurisdictions, with some additional subject/learning areas also common, depending on individual state or territory emphases.
While areas may be common, titles may vary between states & territories. This is more common with areas other than English [Language], Mathematics and Science. It is even more common with sub-areas, especially in secondary years.
This page provides information regarding core areas, titles by state/territory/national curriculum, and links to listings and syllabuses for subject areas.
There are 8 nationally agreed learning areas. They are English, Mathematics, Science, the Social Sciences, The Arts, Health & Physical Education, Languages and Technology, though as shown below these may be listed by varying titles.
At present, there are perspectives which cross all learning areas. Examples include Indigenous and Multicultural Perspectives. Consideration is now being given to making them separate learning areas rather than integrating them in all learning areas.
Consideration is also being given to “reducing the overcrowding in the curriculum, promoting a parent-friendly version of the curriculum” [The Australian]. Both these factors stem from the Quality Schools Package.
In Primary schooling, you learn about Science rather than Chemistry, Physics or Biology. You cover the Social Sciences rather than History, Geography, Economics, Commerce or Business Studies. Many topics in Primary schools are done as Integrated Units involving more than one key area. For example, a unit on culture in a particular country could include aspects taken from all key areas.
Subject areas become more individual in Secondary schools. Courses often begin as integrated areas but evolve into individual subject components as students progress. They are also supplemented by new studies such as Career and Vocational areas. ACARA is now being asked to “drop the development of national curriculum in subjects beyond the initial five [English, Maths, Science, History and Geography] that have been written, and sitting untouched for two years”. In essence, the national curriculum will only apply up to Year 10.
From Year 9 of Secondary school there is an option of Vocational Education [VET] courses. In some states there are also endorsed courses available at selected schools.
In each Key/Core Subject Area are sub-topics depending on school level :
English - Reading, Writing, Listening & Speaking, Viewing, Literature
Mathematics - Number, Measurement, Chance & Data, Space, Algebra, Calculus, …
Science - Earth & Space, Energy, Living Things, Investigating, Chemistry, Physics, Biology, …
Social Sciences - History, Geography, Commerce, Cultures, Indigenous Studies, Civics, Environmental Studies, …
The Arts - Dance, Drama, Media, Music, Visual Arts
Health & Physical Education - Health, Drug Education, Physical Education, Sport
Languages - Core languages are Chinese, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese
Technology - Information Technology, Design & Technology, Home Economics, Agriculture, Textiles, …
Links to all subject areas are provided for each state and territory in the following sections through links to framework/syllabus listings.
Learning Areas F-10 are titled - English, Mathematics, Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, The Arts, Technologies, Health & Physical Education and Languages. Optional area Work Studies. Fifteen senior secondary subjects across English, Mathematics, Science, History and Geography have been endorsed by the council of federal, state and territory education ministers as the agreed and common base for the development of state and territory senior secondary courses. For implementation in each state/territory, see included details below.
Learning Areas are titled - English, Mathematics, Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, The Arts, Languages, Health & Physical Education and Technologies. Additional areas include Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures, Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia, Sustainability. Work Studies is an optional subject area.
Learning Areas to Year 6 are titled - English, Mathematics, Science [including Science and Technology K-6], Health & Physical Education, Human Society & Its Environment, Creative Arts, Technologies [Including all existing TAS subject areas], Languages and VET courses through one of two options.
Learning Areas for Years 7-10 are the same except Science & Technology is separated into two entities [see above]. These are maintained till Year 12, though some areas are broken into individual subjects, with the addition of separate Life Skills Courses, VET Curriculum Frameworks and VET Content Endorsed Courses.
Key Learning Areas are titled - English, Mathematics, Science, Health & Physical Education, Humanities and Social Sciences [HASS], The Arts, Technologies and Languages. An additional area is Indigenous Languages & Culture.
Major Key Learning Areas to Year 9 are titled - English, Mathematics, Science, Studies of Society and Environment, Health & Physical Education, Languages other than English, Technologies [Digital, Design], The Arts.
In Senior Years [11 and 12] they are titled - English, Mathematics, Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences, Business & Economics, Arts, Health & Physical Education, Languages, Career Development and ICT & Design.
Key Learning Areas for Reception to Year 10 are titled - English, Mathematics, Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, The Arts, Technologies, Health & Physical Education and Languages. There is also Work Studies [Years 9-10].
Details of the subjects for Stages 1 and 2 for Senior years are found through the SACE link below.
Learning Areas are titled - English, Mathematics, Science, Humanities & Social Sciences [includes History, Geography, Civics and Citizenship, Economics and Business], Health & Physical Education, Technologies, The Arts, Languages, My Education [Career and Life Planning] and there is also access to Vocational Education and Training [VET] qualifications.
Learning areas include English, Mathematics, Science, The Humanities [includes Civics and Citizenship, Economics and Business, Geography, History], The Arts [includes Dance, Drama, Media Arts, Music, Visual Arts, Visual Communication Design], Health & Physical Education, Languages and Technologies [Design and Technologies and Digital Technologies]. Additional Priorities include - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures, Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia and Sustainability. There are also Capabilities [including Critical and Creative Thinking and Ethical, Intercultural, and Personal and Social capabilities]. ‘The Victorian Curriculum F–10 incorporates the Australian Curriculum and reflects Victorian priorities and standards’.
Learning Areas include - English, Mathematics, Science, Humanities and Social Sciences [including History, Geography, Civics and Citizenship and Economics and Business], The Arts, Languages, Health & Physical Education, Languages, Technologies, VET Industry Specific and Endorsed Programs. Additional Priorities include - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures, Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia and Sustainability.
For information regarding the Western Australian Curriculum visit this site.
Associate Principal, College Development