Essential to life on Earth, this continuous process moves water throughout the Earth and its atmosphere.
The water cycle has 4 key processes which help to move water and transform it into different forms:
Sunlight from the sun causes water (in the form of the sea, rivers, wetlands, dew) to evaporate and rise into the air as water vapour. This vapour then forms clouds in our atmosphere. As the temperature cools, water vapour falls back to Earth in the form of rain, hail, snow or mist in a process called precipitation. Some of this precipitation will evaporate and return to the atmosphere or soak into the ground. This ground water can then feed plants and grass through transpiration, or flow into our rivers, streams, lakes, wetlands or ocean.
The amount of water we have on Earth never changes and the water cycle is a natural way of recycling and transporting water throughout the planet.
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